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Feature Statistic

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
167.245A.ADM4fourth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a third-order administrative division
148.671A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
45.298A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
36.038A.ADM5Hhistorical fifth-order administrative divisiona former fifth-order administrative division
33.810A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
15.150A.ADM5fifth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a fourth-order administrative division
7.235A.ADM4Hhistorical fourth-order administrative divisiona former fourth-order administrative division
3.871A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
1.468A.ADM3Hhistorical third-order administrative divisiona former third-order administrative division
931A.ADM2Hhistorical second-order administrative divisiona former second-order administrative division
602A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
196A.PRSHparishan ecclesiastical district
193A.PCLIindependent political entity
188A.ADMDHhistorical administrative division a former administrative division of a political entity, undifferentiated as to administrative level
35A.PCLDdependent political entity
18A.PCLHhistorical political entitya former political entity
18A.LTERleased areaa tract of land leased to another country, usually for military installations
7A.PCLIXsection of independent political entity
5A.PCLSsemi-independent political entity
4A.ZNBbuffer zonea zone recognized as a buffer between two nations in which military presence is minimal or absent
3A.PCLFfreely associated state
3A.PCLpolitical entity
461.033 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
893.443H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
269.126H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
211.883H.STMIintermittent stream
111.095H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
92.751H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
80.779H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
78.334H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
76.150H.WADwadia valley or ravine, bounded by relatively steep banks, which in the rainy season becomes a watercourse; found primarily in North Africa and the Middle East
54.351H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
50.668H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
49.668H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
28.990H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
25.478H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
20.538H.RSVTwater tanka contained pool or tank of water at, below, or above ground level
17.386H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
17.288H.RSVIintermittent reservoir
11.799H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
10.671H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
10.292H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
8.568H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
8.257H.WTRHwaterhole(s)a natural hole, hollow, or small depression that contains water, used by man and animals, especially in arid areas
8.176H.GLCRglacier(s)a mass of ice, usually at high latitudes or high elevations, with sufficient thickness to flow away from the source area in lobes, tongues, or masses
7.897H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
6.421H.RPDSrapidsa turbulent section of a stream associated with a steep, irregular stream bed
6.303H.LKIintermittent lake
5.764H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
4.954H.PNDIintermittent pond
4.785H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
4.456H.MOORmoor(s)an area of open ground overlaid with wet peaty soils
4.444H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
4.101H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
4.095H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
4.001H.OVFoverfallsan area of breaking waves caused by the meeting of currents or by waves moving against the current
3.732H.STMBstream benda conspicuously curved or bent segment of a stream
3.511H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
3.411H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
3.233H.POOLpool(s)a small and comparatively still, deep part of a larger body of water such as a stream or harbor; or a small body of standing water
3.148H.CRKTtidal creek(s)a meandering channel in a coastal wetland subject to bi-directional tidal currents
2.721H.WTLDwetlandan area subject to inundation, usually characterized by bog, marsh, or swamp vegetation
2.044H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
2.020H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
1.946H.SBKHsabkha(s)a salt flat or salt encrusted plain subject to periodic inundation from flooding or high tides
1.934H.FJDfjorda long, narrow, steep-walled, deep-water arm of the sea at high latitudes, usually along mountainous coasts
1.822H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
1.759H.LKNsalt lakean inland body of salt water with no outlet
1.739H.STMXsection of stream
1.632H.BOGbog(s)a wetland characterized by peat forming sphagnum moss, sedge, and other acid-water plants
1.397H.LKOoxbow lakea crescent-shaped lake commonly found adjacent to meandering streams
1.358H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
1.283H.CNLSBunderground irrigation canal(s)a gently inclined underground tunnel bringing water for irrigation from aquifers
1.198H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
1.181H.WTLDIintermittent wetland
1.064H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
943H.SDsounda long arm of the sea forming a channel between the mainland and an island or islands; or connecting two larger bodies of water
751H.BGHTbight(s)an open body of water forming a slight recession in a coastline
676H.WLLQabandoned well
572H.WTRCwatercoursea natural, well-defined channel produced by flowing water, or an artificial channel designed to carry flowing water
571H.LBEDlake bed(s)a dried up or drained area of a former lake
565H.LKNIintermittent salt lake
560H.CNLDdrainage canalan artificial waterway carrying water away from a wetland or from drainage ditches
514H.FLTTtidal flat(s)a large flat area of mud or sand attached to the shore and alternately covered and uncovered by the tide
502H.DCKdock(s)a waterway between two piers, or cut into the land for the berthing of ships
498H.FLTMmud flat(s)a relatively level area of mud either between high and low tide lines, or subject to flooding
453H.LKXsection of lake
433H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
411H.MRSHNsalt marsha flat area, subject to periodic salt water inundation, dominated by grassy salt-tolerant plants
403H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
348H.SYSIirrigation systema network of ditches and one or more of the following elements: water supply, reservoir, canal, pump, well, drain, etc.
340H.SPNThot spring(s)a place where hot ground water flows naturally out of the ground
313H.RFCcoral reef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of coral
309H.STMHheadwatersthe source and upper part of a stream, including the upper drainage basin
302H.PNDSpondssmall standing waterbodies
292H.DTCHIirrigation ditcha ditch which serves to distribute irrigation water
277H.RCHreacha straight section of a navigable stream or channel between two bends
260H.FISHfishing areaa fishing ground, bank or area where fishermen go to catch fish
234H.SEAseaa large body of salt water more or less confined by continuous land or chains of islands forming a subdivision of an ocean
230H.WADXsection of wadi
226H.MFGNsalt evaporation pondsdiked salt ponds used in the production of solar evaporated salt
222H.STMIXsection of intermittent stream
221H.CNLQabandoned canal
219H.AIRSseaplane landing areaa place on a waterbody where floatplanes land and take off
190H.CHNLlake channel(s)that part of a lake having water deep enough for navigation between islands, shoals, etc.
185H.STMSBlost rivera surface stream that disappears into an underground channel, or dries up in an arid area
166H.BNKRstream banka sloping margin of a stream channel which normally confines the stream to its channel on land
162H.CNLAaqueducta conduit used to carry water
156H.STMQabandoned watercoursea former stream or distributary no longer carrying flowing water, but still evident due to lakes, wetland, topographic or vegetation patterns
150H.DCKBdocking basina part of a harbor where ships dock
147H.LKCcrater lakea lake in a crater or caldera
138H.PNDSFfishpondsponds or enclosures in which fish are kept or raised
118H.NRWSnarrowsa navigable narrow part of a bay, strait, river, etc.
110H.MGVmangrove swampa tropical tidal mud flat characterized by mangrove vegetation
106H.PNDNsalt ponda small standing body of salt water often in a marsh or swamp, usually along a seacoast
95H.CNLXsection of canal
94H.CNFLconfluencea place where two or more streams or intermittent streams flow together
91H.POOLIintermittent pool
87H.CNLIirrigation canala canal which serves as a main conduit for irrigation water
67H.LKOIintermittent oxbow lake
66H.DTCHDdrainage ditcha ditch which serves to drain the land
65H.WADJwadi junctiona place where two or more wadies join
62H.CHNNnavigation channela buoyed channel of sufficient depth for the safe navigation of vessels
62H.CNLNnavigation canal(s)a watercourse constructed for navigation of vessels
58H.CAPGicecapa dome-shaped mass of glacial ice covering an area of mountain summits or other high lands; smaller than an ice sheet
56H.WADMwadi mouththe lower terminus of a wadi where it widens into an adjoining floodplain, depression, or waterbody
33H.CUTFcutoffa channel formed as a result of a stream cutting through a meander neck
31H.CRNTcurrenta horizontal flow of water in a given direction with uniform velocity
29H.GYSRgeysera type of hot spring with intermittent eruptions of jets of hot water and steam
24H.STMSstreamsbodies of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
23H.HBRXsection of harbor
20H.BNKXsection of bank
17H.WADBwadi benda conspicuously curved or bent segment of a wadi
17H.LGNXsection of lagoon
17H.OCNoceanone of the major divisions of the vast expanse of salt water covering part of the earth
16H.LGNSlagoonsshallow coastal waterbodies, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
15H.TNLCcanal tunnela tunnel through which a canal passes
12H.DOMGicecap domea comparatively elevated area on an icecap
12H.RFXsection of reef
11H.WLLSwellscylindrical holes, pits, or tunnels drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
10H.WHRLwhirlpoola turbulent, rotating movement of water in a stream
9H.SPNSsulphur spring(s)a place where sulphur ground water flows naturally out of the ground
8H.BAYSbayscoastal indentations between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
5H.PNDNIintermittent salt pond(s)
5H.FLLSXsection of waterfall(s)
4H.CNLBcanal benda conspicuously curved or bent section of a canal
4H.INLTQformer inletan inlet which has been filled in, or blocked by deposits
3H.WADSwadiesvalleys or ravines, bounded by relatively steep banks, which in the rainy season become watercourses; found primarily in North Africa and the Middle East
3H.DTCHMditch mouth(s)an area where a drainage ditch enters a lagoon, lake or bay
2H.DPRGicecap depressiona comparatively depressed area on an icecap
2H.LKSCcrater lakeslakes in a crater or caldera
2H.LKSNsalt lakesinland bodies of salt water with no outlet
1H.RDGGicecap ridgea linear elevation on an icecap
1H.PNDSIintermittent ponds
1H.PNDSNsalt pondssmall standing bodies of salt water often in a marsh or swamp, usually along a seacoast
1H.LKSIintermittent lakes
1H.LKSBunderground lakea standing body of water in a cave
2.249.956 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
167.970L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
88.427L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
76.678L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
16.350L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
15.168L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
13.950L.GRAZgrazing areaan area of grasses and shrubs used for grazing
10.182L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
5.649L.TRBtribal areaa tract of land used by nomadic or other tribes
5.550L.OILFoilfieldan area containing a subterranean store of petroleum of economic value
3.797L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
3.027L.RESVreservationa tract of land set aside for aboriginal, tribal, or native populations
2.552L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
2.430L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
1.942L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
1.839L.AGRCagricultural colonya tract of land set aside for agricultural settlement
1.373L.DEVHhousing developmenta tract of land on which many houses of similar design are built according to a development plan
1.023L.RGNEeconomic regiona region of a country established for economic development or for statistical purposes
766L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
649L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
600L.RESAagricultural reservea tract of land reserved for agricultural reclamation and/or development
536L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
454L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
418L.OASoasis(-es)an area in a desert made productive by the availability of water
315L.FLDIirrigated field(s)a tract of level or terraced land which is irrigated
275L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
261L.CLGclearingan area in a forest with trees removed
211L.MILBmilitary basea place used by an army or other armed service for storing arms and supplies, and for accommodating and training troops, a base from which operations can be initiated
155L.GASFgasfieldan area containing a subterranean store of natural gas of economic value
107L.CMNcommona park or pasture for community use
101L.RGNHhistorical regiona former historic area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
99L.BSNDdrainage basinan area drained by a stream
99L.RESHhunting reservea tract of land used primarily for hunting
98L.SNOWsnowfieldan area of permanent snow and ice forming the accumulation area of a glacier
97L.MNAmining areaan area of mine sites where minerals and ores are extracted
71L.BTLbattlefielda site of a land battle of historical importance
48L.LANDarctic landa tract of land in the Arctic
38L.MVAmaneuver areaa tract of land where military field exercises are carried out
29L.CNSconcession areaa lease of land by a government for economic development, e.g., mining, forestry
28L.NVBnaval basean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for troops and naval personnel, a port for naval vessels, and from which operations are initiated
24L.RGNLlake regiona tract of land distinguished by numerous lakes
24L.COLFcoalfielda region in which coal deposits of possible economic value occur
21L.PEATpeat cutting areaan area where peat is harvested
19L.RNGAartillery rangea tract of land used for artillery firing practice
14L.GVLgravel areaan area covered with gravel
9L.RESPpalm tree reservean area of palm trees where use is controlled
7L.CONTcontinentcontinent: Europe, Africa, Asia, North America, South America, Oceania, Antarctica
4L.BSNPpetroleum basinan area underlain by an oil-rich structural basin
1L.QCKSquicksandan area where loose sand with water moving through it may become unstable when heavy objects are placed at the surface, causing them to sink
423.514 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
4.428.928P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
164.293P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
124.696P.PPLXsection of populated place
48.931P.PPLQabandoned populated place
28.303P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
26.679P.PPLA4seat of a fourth-order administrative division
20.543P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
13.514P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
3.442P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
2.664P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
1.076P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
245P.PPLCHhistorical capital of a political entitya former capital of a political entity
241P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
218P.STLMTisraeli settlement
149P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
139P.PPLRreligious populated placea populated place whose population is largely engaged in religious occupations
26P.PPLA5seat of a fifth-order administrative division
15P.PPLGseat of government of a political entity
4.864.127 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
15.705R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
12.433R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
10.710R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
8.797R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
1.545R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
882R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
621R.PTGEportagea place where boats, goods, etc., are carried overland between navigable waters
519R.TNLRDroad tunnela tunnel through which a road passes
406R.TNLRRrailroad tunnela tunnel through which a railroad passes
209R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
166R.CSWYcausewaya raised roadway across wet ground or shallow water
147R.RJCTrailroad junctiona place where two or more railroad tracks join
95R.RRQabandoned railroad
44R.PRMNpromenadea place for public walking, usually along a beach front
35R.OILPoil pipelinea pipeline used for transporting oil
35R.RDBroad benda conspicuously curved or bent section of a road
27R.RDAancient roadthe remains of a road used by ancient cultures
10R.RTEcaravan routethe route taken by caravans
7R.RDCUTroad cutan excavation cut through a hill or ridge for a road
3R.STKRstock routea route taken by livestock herds
52.406 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
335.827S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
293.293S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
251.651S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
241.375S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
151.782S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
149.786S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
68.715S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
66.211S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
53.000S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
49.447S.HMSDhomesteada residence, owner's or manager's, on a sheep or cattle station, woolshed, outcamp, or Aboriginal outstation, specific to Australia and New Zealand
43.737S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
42.736S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
41.580S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
39.884S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
32.494S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
30.048S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
28.098S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
23.342S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
22.054S.BUSTPbus stopa place lacking station facilities
21.725S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
18.811S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
18.083S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
17.811S.RNCHranch(es)a large farm specializing in extensive grazing of livestock
17.654S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
13.280S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
12.746S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
11.736S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
11.102S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
11.053S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
10.254S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
9.764S.MSQEmosquea building for public Islamic worship
9.741S.FRMTfarmsteadthe buildings and adjacent service areas of a farm
9.178S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
9.027S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
8.604S.TMPLtemple(s)an edifice dedicated to religious worship
7.619S.HUThuta small primitive house
6.201S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
5.964S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
5.366S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
5.209S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
4.760S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
4.665S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
4.580S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
4.325S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
4.248S.FRMQabandoned farm
4.244S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
4.167S.RSDrailroad sidinga short track parallel to and joining the main track
4.031S.AIRQabandoned airfield
4.022S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
3.838S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
3.677S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
3.643S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
3.503S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
3.441S.HSECcountry housea large house, mansion, or chateau, on a large estate
3.412S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
3.190S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
3.102S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
3.087S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
3.006S.SWTsewage treatment plantfacility for the processing of sewage and/or wastewater
3.002S.MSSNmissiona place characterized by dwellings, school, church, hospital and other facilities operated by a religious group for the purpose of providing charitable services and to propagate religion
2.709S.CRRLcorral(s)a pen or enclosure for confining or capturing animals
2.679S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
2.483S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
2.267S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
2.049S.MLWNDwindmilla mill or water pump powered by wind
2.017S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
1.951S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
1.878S.STNFforest stationa collection of buildings and facilities for carrying out forest management
1.816S.BANKbankA business establishment in which money is kept for saving or commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for loans, or exchanged.
1.811S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
1.807S.GRVEgravea burial site
1.784S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
1.751S.ESTXsection of estate
1.725S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
1.723S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
1.640S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
1.558S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
1.415S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
1.397S.THTRtheatera building or outdoor area used for live theatrical presentations, concerts, opera or dance productions, cinema, and/or other stage productions
1.391S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
1.313S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
1.292S.RHSEresthousea structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers
1.236S.MNQabandoned mine
1.064S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
1.016S.BPboundary markera fixture marking a point along a boundary
999S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
998S.RDCRtraffic circlea road junction formed around a central circle about which traffic moves in one direction only
990S.PSTPpatrol posta post from which patrols are sent out
984S.CMPQabandoned camp
874S.ARCHarcha natural or man-made structure in the form of an arch
861S.PSTBborder posta post or station at an international boundary for the regulation of movement of people and goods
847S.SHSEstorehousea building for storing goods, especially provisions
836S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
788S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
761S.ESTRrubber plantationan estate which specializes in growing and tapping rubber trees
733S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
698S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
653S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
616S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
611S.SCHTtechnical schoolpost-secondary school with a specifically technical or vocational curriculum
602S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
595S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
591S.STBLstablea building for the shelter and feeding of farm animals, especially horses
575S.PGDApagodaa tower-like storied structure, usually a Buddhist shrine
565S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
551S.BRKSbarracksa building for lodging military personnel
527S.LNDFlandfilla place for trash and garbage disposal in which the waste is buried between layers of earth to build up low-lying land
514S.MLSWsawmilla mill where logs or lumber are sawn to specified shapes and sizes
512S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
502S.CARNcairna heap of stones erected as a landmark or for other purposes
485S.DIPdiplomatic facilityoffice, residence, or facility of a foreign government, which may include an embassy, consulate, chancery, office of charge d'affaires, or other diplomatic, economic, military, or cultural mission
463S.GATEgatea controlled access entrance or exit
462S.ESTOoil palm plantationan estate specializing in the cultivation of oil palm trees
452S.ESTTtea plantationan estate which specializes in growing tea bushes
450S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
444S.CTRMmedical centera complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor's offices, etc.
431S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
430S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
424S.FYferrya boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody
424S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
409S.GHSEguest housea house used to provide lodging for paying guests
363S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
336S.MNCcoal mine(s)a mine where coal is extracted
329S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
325S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
300S.SPAspaa resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring
298S.RSTPQabandoned railroad stop
259S.MLSGsugar milla facility where sugar cane is processed into raw sugar
248S.RLGreligious sitean ancient site of significant religious importance
248S.FRMSfarmstracts of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
248S.TOLLtoll gate/barrierhighway toll collection station
247S.JTYjettya structure built out into the water at a river mouth or harbor entrance to regulate currents and silting
245S.TNKDcattle dipping tanka small artificial pond used for immersing cattle in chemically treated water for disease control
242S.AMTHamphitheateran oval or circular structure with rising tiers of seats about a stage or open space
235S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
230S.PKLTparking lotan area used for parking vehicles
228S.WTRWwaterworksa facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds
227S.MLWTRwater milla mill powered by running water
226S.DARYdairya facility for the processing, sale and distribution of milk or milk products
222S.ASTRastronomical stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by observations of celestial bodies
221S.SCHMmilitary schoola school at which military science forms the core of the curriculum
218S.CMPRFrefugee campa camp used by refugees
216S.CMPLlogging campa camp used by loggers
211S.QUAYquaya structure of solid construction along a shore or bank which provides berthing for ships and which generally provides cargo handling facilities
209S.HLThalting placea place where caravans stop for rest
207S.RDINintersectiona junction of two or more highways by a system of separate levels that permit traffic to pass from one to another without the crossing of traffic streams
206S.DAMQruined dama destroyed or decayed dam which is no longer functional
204S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
183S.DIKEdikean earth or stone embankment usually constructed for flood or stream control
183S.LOCKlock(s)a basin in a waterway with gates at each end by means of which vessels are passed from one water level to another
169S.SNTRsanatoriuma facility where victims of physical or mental disorders are treated
167S.MFGBbreweryone or more buildings where beer is brewed
162S.SLCEsluicea conduit or passage for carrying off surplus water from a waterbody, usually regulated by means of a sluice gate
156S.CVNTconventa building where a community of nuns lives in seclusion
155S.PMPOoil pumping stationa facility for pumping oil through a pipeline
153S.RSGNLrailroad signala signal at the entrance of a particular section of track governing the movement of trains
150S.OILWoil wella well from which oil may be pumped
149S.CSTMcustoms housea building in a port where customs and duties are paid, and where vessels are entered and cleared
148S.TRANTtransit terminalfacilities for the handling of vehicular freight and passengers
138S.RLGRretreata place of temporary seclusion, especially for religious groups
137S.BRKWbreakwatera structure erected to break the force of waves at the entrance to a harbor or port
137S.SCHAagricultural schoola school with a curriculum focused on agriculture
133S.WALLwalla thick masonry structure, usually enclosing a field or building, or forming the side of a structure
126S.GOVLlocal government officea facility housing local governmental offices, usually a city, town, or village hall
121S.CMPLAlabor campa camp used by migrant or temporary laborers
119S.ESTSGsugar plantationan estate that specializes in growing sugar cane
117S.MNAUgold mine(s)a mine where gold ore, or alluvial gold is extracted
115S.NSYnursery(-ies)a place where plants are propagated for transplanting or grafting
110S.OILRoil refinerya facility for converting crude oil into refined petroleum products
107S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
107S.WRCKwreckthe site of the remains of a wrecked vessel
106S.AQCaquaculture facilityfacility or area for the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants, especially fish, shellfish, and seaweed, in natural or controlled marine or freshwater environments; underwater agriculture
92S.SYGsynagoguea place for Jewish worship and religious instruction
91S.MNCUcopper mine(s)a mine where copper ore is extracted
86S.MOLEmolea massive structure of masonry or large stones serving as a pier or breakwater
85S.HUTShutssmall primitive houses
83S.OPRAopera houseA theater designed chiefly for the performance of operas.
80S.GHATghata set of steps leading to a river, which are of religious significance, and at their base is usually a platform for bathing
79S.FYTferry terminala place where ferries pick-up and discharge passengers, vehicles and or cargo
78S.TRMOoil pipeline terminala tank farm or loading facility at the end of an oil pipeline
75S.BLDAapartment buildinga building containing several individual apartments
75S.STNIinspection stationa station at which vehicles, goods, and people are inspected
73S.TRAMtramrail vehicle along urban streets (also known as streetcar or trolley)
71S.MFGSGsugar refinerya facility for converting raw sugar into refined sugar
70S.CTRFfacility centera place where more than one facility is situated
69S.OILTtank farma tract of land occupied by large, cylindrical, metal tanks in which oil or liquid petrochemicals are stored
68S.DPOFfuel depotan area where fuel is stored
67S.WALLAancient wallthe remains of a linear defensive stone structure
67S.DCKDdry docka dock providing support for a vessel, and means for removing the water so that the bottom of the vessel can be exposed
66S.DCKYdockyarda facility for servicing, building, or repairing ships
63S.HERMhermitagea secluded residence, usually for religious sects
62S.WEIRweir(s)a small dam in a stream, designed to raise the water level or to divert stream flow through a desired channel
60S.VETFveterinary facilitya building or camp at which veterinary services are available
59S.MNFEiron mine(s)a mine where iron ore is extracted
59S.MFGQabandoned factory
58S.MFGCcannerya building where food items are canned
57S.CMPMNmining campa camp used by miners
52S.PRKHQpark headquartersa park administrative facility
49S.STNCcoast guard stationa facility from which the coast is guarded by armed vessels
47S.GOSPgas-oil separator planta facility for separating gas from oil
43S.MLOolive oil milla mill where oil is extracted from olives
41S.ATMautomatic teller machineAn unattended electronic machine in a public place, connected to a data system and related equipment and activated by a bank customer to obtain cash withdrawals and other banking services.
40S.RKRYrookerya breeding place of a colony of birds or seals
40S.STNEexperiment stationa facility for carrying out experiments
38S.PPQabandoned police post
33S.ARTpiece of arta piece of art, like a sculpture, painting. In contrast to monument (MNMT) it is not commemorative.
32S.ARCHVarchivea place or institution where documents are preserved
31S.BTYDboatyarda waterside facility for servicing, repairing, and building small vessels
31S.HSPDdispensarya building where medical or dental aid is dispensed
30S.CMPOoil campa camp used by oilfield workers
30S.MNNsalt mine(s)a mine from which salt is extracted
28S.DAMSBsub-surface dama dam put down to bedrock in a sand river
27S.STNSsatellite stationa facility for tracking and communicating with orbiting satellites
27S.PYRpyramidan ancient massive structure of square ground plan with four triangular faces meeting at a point and used for enclosing tombs
25S.PRKGTpark gatea controlled access to a park
24S.PRNJreformatorya facility for confining, training, and reforming young law offenders
23S.MLSGQformer sugar milla sugar mill no longer used as a sugar mill
22S.HSPLleprosariuman asylum or hospital for lepers
21S.MFGPHphosphate worksa facility for producing fertilizer
20S.USGEunited states government establishmenta facility operated by the United States Government in Panama
19S.FNDYfoundrya building or works where metal casting is carried out
19S.TWOtemp work officeTemporary Work Offices
19S.MSSNQabandoned mission
19S.ZNFfree trade zonean area, usually a section of a port, where goods may be received and shipped free of customs duty and of most customs regulations
18S.BDGQruined bridgea destroyed or decayed bridge which is no longer functional
18S.CTRSspace centera facility for launching, tracking, or controlling satellites and space vehicles
18S.MNCRchrome mine(s)a mine where chrome ore is extracted
17S.CTRAatomic centera facility where atomic research is carried out
16S.SHPFsheepfolda fence or wall enclosure for sheep and other small herd animals
14S.LEPCleper colonya settled area inhabited by lepers in relative isolation
14S.OILQabandoned oil well
14S.OILJoil pipeline junctiona section of an oil pipeline where two or more pipes join together
13S.BURburial cave(s)a cave used for human burials
13S.AIRTterminalairport facilities for the handling of freight and passengers
12S.SCHNmaritime schoola school at which maritime sciences form the core of the curriculum
12S.ASYLasyluma facility where the insane are cared for and protected
12S.OBSRradio observatorya facility equipped with an array of antennae for receiving radio waves from space
11S.SCHLlanguage schoolLanguage Schools & Institutions
11S.MLMore treatment planta facility for improving the metal content of ore by concentration
11S.MFGMmunitions planta factory where ammunition is made
9S.MFGLMlimekilna furnace in which limestone is reduced to lime
9S.STPSstepsstones or slabs placed for ease in ascending or descending a steep slope
8S.PSNnuclear power stationnuclear power station
8S.NOVnovitiatea religious house or school where novices are trained
7S.SPLYspillwaya passage or outlet through which surplus water flows over, around or through a dam
7S.STNWwhaling stationa facility for butchering whales and processing train oil
7S.UNIPuniversity prep schoolUniversity Preparation Schools & Institutions
7S.PSTCcustoms posta building at an international boundary where customs and duties are paid on goods
6S.BSTNbaling stationa facility for baling agricultural products
5S.MFGCUcopper worksa facility for processing copper ore
3S.SECPState Exam Prep Centrestate exam preparation centres
3S.PRNQabandoned prison
3S.PYRSpyramidsancient massive structures of square ground plan with four triangular faces meeting at a point and used for enclosing tombs
2.450.677 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
404.894T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
386.280T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
154.995T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
136.229T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
85.873T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
47.367T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
42.621T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
41.874T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
29.049T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
28.306T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
28.095T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
22.376T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
18.779T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
16.585T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
14.515T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
14.275T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
11.762T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
11.556T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
11.051T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
10.757T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
9.730T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
8.677T.GAPgapa low place in a ridge, not used for transportation
7.314T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
6.810T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
6.806T.MESAmesa(s)a flat-topped, isolated elevation with steep slopes on all sides, less extensive than a plateau
5.589T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
3.986T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
3.678T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
3.652T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
3.193T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
2.179T.PANpana near-level shallow, natural depression or basin, usually containing an intermittent lake, pond, or pool
2.044T.MNDmound(s)a low, isolated, rounded hill
1.984T.SCRPescarpmenta long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below
1.910T.PLDRpolderan area reclaimed from the sea by diking and draining
1.759T.FORDforda shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle
1.562T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
1.516T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
1.219T.NTKnunataka rock or mountain peak protruding through glacial ice
1.195T.ISLXsection of island
1.087T.TRGDinterdune trough(s)a long wind-swept trough between parallel longitudinal dunes
1.074T.SDLsaddlea broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains
1.014T.LEVleveea natural low embankment bordering a distributary or meandering stream; often built up artificially to control floods
963T.SBEDdry stream beda channel formerly containing the water of a stream
829T.VLCvolcanoa conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top
809T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
724T.BNCHbencha long, narrow bedrock platform bounded by steeper slopes above and below, usually overlooking a waterbody
628T.ISLTland-tied islanda coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes
626T.BLOWblowout(s)a small depression in sandy terrain, caused by wind erosion
577T.KRSTkarst areaa distinctive landscape developed on soluble rock such as limestone characterized by sinkholes, caves, disappearing streams, and underground drainage
565T.BUTEbutte(s)a small, isolated, usually flat-topped hill with steep sides
557T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
531T.SHORshorea narrow zone bordering a waterbody which covers and uncovers at high and low water, respectively
511T.SINKsinkholea small crater-shape depression in a karst area
490T.ERGsandy desertan extensive tract of shifting sand and sand dunes
485T.LAVAlava areaan area of solidified lava
421T.CRQcirquea bowl-like hollow partially surrounded by cliffs or steep slopes at the head of a glaciated valley
383T.CONEcone(s)a conical landform composed of mud or volcanic material
349T.TRRterracea long, narrow alluvial platform bounded by steeper slopes above and below, usually overlooking a waterbody
347T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
331T.DSRTdeserta large area with little or no vegetation due to extreme environmental conditions
320T.HMCKhammock(s)a patch of ground, distinct from and slightly above the surrounding plain or wetland. Often occurs in groups
301T.ATOLatoll(s)a ring-shaped coral reef which has closely spaced islands on it encircling a lagoon
235T.PKSpeakspointed elevations atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic features
233T.NTKSnunataksrocks or mountain peaks protruding through glacial ice
205T.TALtalus slopea steep concave slope formed by an accumulation of loose rock fragments at the base of a cliff or steep slope
200T.PLNXsection of plain
160T.CFTcleft(s)a deep narrow slot, notch, or groove in a coastal cliff
139T.ISTHisthmusa narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water
105T.ISLFartificial islandan island created by landfill or diking and filling in a wetland, bay, or lagoon
100T.REGstony deserta desert plain characterized by a surface veneer of gravel and stones
80T.VALGhanging valleya valley the floor of which is notably higher than the valley or shore to which it leads; most common in areas that have been glaciated
69T.CUETcuesta(s)an asymmetric ridge formed on tilted strata
66T.DLTAdeltaa flat plain formed by alluvial deposits at the mouth of a stream
53T.FSRfissurea crack associated with volcanism
51T.FANfan(s)a fan-shaped wedge of coarse alluvium with apex merging with a mountain stream bed and the fan spreading out at a low angle slope onto an adjacent plain
51T.BDLDbadlandsan area characterized by a maze of very closely spaced, deep, narrow, steep-sided ravines, and sharp crests and pinnacles
49T.CLDAcalderaa depression measuring kilometers across formed by the collapse of a volcanic mountain
49T.RDGBbeach ridgea ridge of sand just inland and parallel to the beach, usually in series
47T.PENXsection of peninsula
44T.HMDArock deserta relatively sand-free, high bedrock plateau in a hot desert, with or without a gravel veneer
43T.DVDdividea line separating adjacent drainage basins
43T.BCHSbeachesa shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
36T.MRNmorainea mound, ridge, or other accumulation of glacial till
34T.INTFinterfluvea relatively undissected upland between adjacent stream valleys
23T.ISLMmangrove islanda mangrove swamp surrounded by a waterbody
22T.VALXsection of valley
19T.PLATXsection of plateau
17T.BLHLblowhole(s)a hole in coastal rock through which sea water is forced by a rising tide or waves and spurted through an outlet into the air
16T.BLDRboulder fielda high altitude or high latitude bare, flat area covered with large angular rocks
7T.PTSpointstapering pieces of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
7T.RKFLrockfallan irregular mass of fallen rock at the base of a cliff or steep slope
7T.VALSvalleyselongated depressions usually traversed by a stream
5T.CRQScirquesbowl-like hollows partially surrounded by cliffs or steep slopes at the head of a glaciated valley
5T.SLIDslidea mound of earth material, at the base of a slope and the associated scoured area
3T.CRDRcorridora strip or area of land having significance as an access way
3T.NKMmeander necka narrow strip of land between the two limbs of a meander loop at its narrowest point
2T.ASPHasphalt lakea small basin containing naturally occurring asphalt
1T.PANSpansa near-level shallow, natural depression or basin, usually containing an intermittent lake, pond, or pool
1.608.204 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
7.201U.SHSUshoalshazards to surface navigation composed of unconsolidated material
1.429U.SMUseamountan elevation rising generally more than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summit
681U.CNYUcanyona relatively narrow, deep depression with steep sides, the bottom of which generally has a continuous slope
629U.BSNUbasina depression more or less equidimensional in plan and of variable extent
578U.RFUreefa surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
534U.BNKUbankan elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for safe surface navigation
518U.LDGUledgea rocky projection or outcrop, commonly linear and near shore
398U.RDGUridgea long narrow elevation with steep sides
271U.GLYUgullya small valley-like feature
208U.TRGUtrougha long depression of the sea floor characteristically flat bottomed and steep sided, and normally shallower than a trench
206U.VALUvalleya relatively shallow, wide depression, the bottom of which usually has a continuous gradient
185U.TMTUtablemount (or guyot)a seamount having a comparatively smooth, flat top
177U.KNLUknollan elevation rising generally more than 500 meters and less than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summit
156U.SHLUshoala surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
140U.FRZUfracture zonean extensive linear zone of irregular topography of the sea floor, characterized by steep-sided or asymmetrical ridges, troughs, or escarpments
132U.SMSUseamountselevations rising generally more than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summit
98U.FLTUflata small level or nearly level area
95U.SPRUspura subordinate elevation, ridge, or rise projecting outward from a larger feature
93U.RISUrisea broad elevation that rises gently, and generally smoothly, from the sea floor
90U.PLNUplaina flat, gently sloping or nearly level region
89U.HLLUhillan elevation rising generally less than 500 meters
80U.ESCUescarpment (or scarp)an elongated and comparatively steep slope separating flat or gently sloping areas
75U.PLTUplateaua comparatively flat-topped feature of considerable extent, dropping off abruptly on one or more sides
74U.MNDUmounda low, isolated, rounded hill
68U.TRNUtrencha long, narrow, characteristically very deep and asymmetrical depression of the sea floor, with relatively steep sides
65U.RFSUreefssurface-navigation hazards composed of consolidated material
56U.SCNUseachannela continuously sloping, elongated depression commonly found in fans or plains and customarily bordered by levees on one or two sides
44U.TERUterracea relatively flat horizontal or gently inclined surface, sometimes long and narrow, which is bounded by a steeper ascending slope on one side and by a steep descending slope on the opposite side
42U.HOLUholea small depression of the sea floor
42U.FANUfana relatively smooth feature normally sloping away from the lower termination of a canyon or canyon system
35U.SLPUslopethe slope seaward from the shelf edge to the beginning of a continental rise or the point where there is a general reduction in slope
32U.GAPUgapa narrow break in a ridge or rise
30U.SHFUshelfa zone adjacent to a continent (or around an island) that extends from the low water line to a depth at which there is usually a marked increase of slope towards oceanic depths
27U.BKSUbankselevations, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for safe surface navigation
20U.DEPUdeepa localized deep area within the confines of a larger feature, such as a trough, basin or trench
19U.CNSUcanyonsrelatively narrow, deep depressions with steep sides, the bottom of which generally has a continuous slope
14U.KNSUknollselevations rising generally more than 500 meters and less than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summits
13U.HLSUhillselevations rising generally less than 500 meters
12U.SDLUsaddlea low part, resembling in shape a saddle, in a ridge or between contiguous seamounts
7U.FURUfurrowa closed, linear, narrow, shallow depression
7U.TNGUtonguean elongate (tongue-like) extension of a flat sea floor into an adjacent higher feature
7U.PRVUprovincea region identifiable by a group of similar physiographic features whose characteristics are markedly in contrast with surrounding areas
6U.APNUaprona gentle slope, with a generally smooth surface, particularly found around groups of islands and seamounts
6U.SILUsillthe low part of a gap or saddle separating basins
5U.TMSUtablemounts (or guyots)seamounts having a comparatively smooth, flat top
5U.SHVUshelf valleya valley on the shelf, generally the shoreward extension of a canyon
5U.RDSUridgeslong narrow elevations with steep sides
4U.VLSUvalleysa relatively shallow, wide depression, the bottom of which usually has a continuous gradient
4U.EDGUshelf edgea line along which there is a marked increase of slope at the outer margin of a continental shelf or island shelf
4U.CDAUcordilleraan entire mountain system including the subordinate ranges, interior plateaus, and basins
4U.PKUpeaka prominent elevation, part of a larger feature, either pointed or of very limited extent across the summit
3U.BDLUborderlanda region adjacent to a continent, normally occupied by or bordering a shelf, that is highly irregular with depths well in excess of those typical of a shelf
3U.SCSUseachannelscontinuously sloping, elongated depressions commonly found in fans or plains and customarily bordered by levees on one or two sides
2U.CRSUcontinental risea gentle slope rising from oceanic depths towards the foot of a continental slope
2U.PNLUpinnaclea high tower or spire-shaped pillar of rock or coral, alone or cresting a summit
1U.PKSUpeaksprominent elevations, part of a larger feature, either pointed or of very limited extent across the summit
1U.ARRUarrugadoan area of subdued corrugations off Baja California
1U.ARCUarcha low bulge around the southeastern end of the island of Hawaii
1U.MESUmesaan isolated, extensive, flat-topped elevation on the shelf, with relatively steep sides
1U.LEVUleveean embankment bordering a canyon, valley, or seachannel
1U.MTUmountaina well-delineated subdivision of a large and complex positive feature
1U.MOTUmoatan annular depression that may not be continuous, located at the base of many seamounts, islands, and other isolated elevations
14.931 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
28.607V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
9.356V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
3.201V.VINvineyarda planting of grapevines
1.927V.OCHorchard(s)a planting of fruit or nut trees
1.668V.SCRBscrublandan area of low trees, bushes, and shrubs stunted by some environmental limitation
1.530V.GROVEgrovea small wooded area or collection of trees growing closely together, occurring naturally or deliberately planted
1.248V.GRSLDgrasslandan area dominated by grass vegetation
1.028V.HTHheathan upland moor or sandy area dominated by low shrubby vegetation including heather
724V.MDWmeadowa small, poorly drained area dominated by grassy vegetation
337V.TREEtree(s)a conspicuous tree used as a landmark
86V.GRVCcoconut grovea planting of coconut trees
17V.GRVPpalm grovea planting of palm trees
13V.VINSvineyardsplantings of grapevines
6V.BUSHbush(es)a small clump of conspicuous bushes in an otherwise bare area
5V.TUNDtundraa marshy, treeless, high latitude plain, dominated by mosses, lichens, and low shrub vegetation under permafrost conditions
4V.FRSTFfossilized foresta forest fossilized by geologic processes and now exposed at the earth's surface
4V.GRVPNpine grovea planting of pine trees
1V.GRVOolive grovea planting of olive trees
49.762 Total for V