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Feature Statistic Turkey

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
1.485A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
963A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
81A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
14A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
3A.ADM2Hhistorical second-order administrative divisiona former second-order administrative division
2A.ADM4fourth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a third-order administrative division
1A.ADMDHhistorical administrative division a former administrative division of a political entity, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
2.550 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
5.502H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
859H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
438H.STMIintermittent stream
246H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
180H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
116H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
105H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
86H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
66H.STMXsection of stream
54H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
28H.SPNThot spring(s)a place where hot ground water flows naturally out of the ground
26H.LKIintermittent lake
26H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
22H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
17H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
16H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
14H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
11H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
8H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
8H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
7H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
7H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
7H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
6H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
6H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
6H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
5H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
4H.DCKdock(s)a waterway between two piers, or cut into the land for the berthing of ships
3H.POOLpool(s)a small and comparatively still, deep part of a larger body of water such as a stream or harbor; or a small body of standing water
3H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
3H.RSVTwater tanka contained pool or tank of water at, below, or above ground level
2H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
2H.FLTTtidal flat(s)a large flat area of mud or sand attached to the shore and alternately covered and uncovered by the tide
2H.LKNsalt lakean inland body of salt water with no outlet
2H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
2H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
2H.WADwadia valley or ravine, bounded by relatively steep banks, which in the rainy season becomes a watercourse; found primarily in North Africa and the Middle East
1H.LBEDlake bed(s)a dried up or drained area of a former lake
1H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
1H.MFGNsalt evaporation pondsdiked salt ponds used in the production of solar evaporated salt
1H.FLTMmud flat(s)a relatively level area of mud either between high and low tide lines, or subject to flooding
1H.STMSstreamsbodies of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
1H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
1H.DTCHIirrigation ditcha ditch which serves to distribute irrigation water
1H.CNLXsection of canal
1H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
7.906 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
276L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
266L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
182L.DEVHhousing developmenta tract of land on which many houses of similar design are built according to a development plan
131L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
72L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
52L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
27L.GRAZgrazing areaan area of grasses and shrubs used for grazing
17L.RGNHhistorical regiona former historic area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
11L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
5L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
5L.OILFoilfieldan area containing a subterranean store of petroleum of economic value
4L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
4L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
3L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
3L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
2L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
2L.MNAmining areaan area of mine sites where minerals and ores are extracted
1L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
1L.AGRCagricultural colonya tract of land set aside for agricultural settlement
1L.CLGclearingan area in a forest with trees removed
1L.RGNEeconomic regiona region of a country established for economic development or for statistical purposes
1L.BSNDdrainage basinan area drained by a stream
1L.RGNLlake regiona tract of land distinguished by numerous lakes
1.068 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
50.324P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
1.486P.PPLXsection of populated place
834P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
665P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
80P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
40P.PPLQabandoned populated place
26P.PPLCHhistorical capital of a political entitya former capital of a political entity
20P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
11P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
9P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
5P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
2P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
53.503 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
14R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
6R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
2R.PRMNpromenadea place for public walking, usually along a beach front
2R.RDAancient roadthe remains of a road used by ancient cultures
1R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
1R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
26 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
5.994S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
614S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
500S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
405S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
380S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
243S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
208S.MSQEmosquea building for public Islamic worship
157S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
152S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
103S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
92S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
88S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
84S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
83S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
55S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
55S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
49S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
49S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
48S.CSTMcustoms housea building in a port where customs and duties are paid, and where vessels are entered and cleared
48S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
47S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
46S.RDINintersectiona junction of two or more highways by a system of separate levels that permit traffic to pass from one to another without the crossing of traffic streams
45S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
41S.BANKbankA business establishment in which money is kept for saving or commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for loans, or exchanged.
37S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
36S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
36S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
36S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
34S.TRANTtransit terminalfacilities for the handling of vehicular freight and passengers
34S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
33S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
30S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
28S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
26S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
25S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
24S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
22S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
19S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
19S.CMPRFrefugee campa camp used by refugees
17S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
16S.CTRMmedical centera complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor's offices, etc.
15S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
14S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
12S.CMPQabandoned camp
11S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
11S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
10S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
9S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
9S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
9S.GRVEgravea burial site
9S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
8S.FYTferry terminala place where ferries pick-up and discharge passengers, vehicles and or cargo
7S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
7S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
7S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
7S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
7S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
6S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
6S.MLWTRwater milla mill powered by running water
6S.PSTBborder posta post or station at an international boundary for the regulation of movement of people and goods
6S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
6S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
6S.STBLstablea building for the shelter and feeding of farm animals, especially horses
5S.SPAspaa resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring
5S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
5S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
4S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
4S.AIRQabandoned airfield
4S.DIPdiplomatic facilityoffice, residence, or facility of a foreign government, which may include an embassy, consulate, chancery, office of charge d'affaires, or other diplomatic, economic, military, or cultural mission
4S.SCHTtechnical schoolpost-secondary school with a specifically technical or vocational curriculum
4S.GATEgatea controlled access entrance or exit
4S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
3S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
3S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
3S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
3S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
3S.RHSEresthousea structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers
3S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
3S.WALLAancient wallthe remains of a linear defensive stone structure
3S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
2S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
2S.NSYnursery(-ies)a place where plants are propagated for transplanting or grafting
2S.AMTHamphitheateran oval or circular structure with rising tiers of seats about a stage or open space
2S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
2S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
2S.THTRtheatera building or outdoor area used for live theatrical presentations, concerts, opera or dance productions, cinema, and/or other stage productions
2S.BRKWbreakwatera structure erected to break the force of waves at the entrance to a harbor or port
2S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
1S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
1S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
1S.MNCcoal mine(s)a mine where coal is extracted
1S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
1S.RLGreligious sitean ancient site of significant religious importance
1S.SYGsynagoguea place for Jewish worship and religious instruction
1S.BRKSbarracksa building for lodging military personnel
1S.TRMOoil pipeline terminala tank farm or loading facility at the end of an oil pipeline
1S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
1S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
1S.MNNsalt mine(s)a mine from which salt is extracted
1S.WEIRweir(s)a small dam in a stream, designed to raise the water level or to divert stream flow through a desired channel
1S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
1S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
1S.MNAUgold mine(s)a mine where gold ore, or alluvial gold is extracted
1S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
1S.JTYjettya structure built out into the water at a river mouth or harbor entrance to regulate currents and silting
1S.SCHNmaritime schoola school at which maritime sciences form the core of the curriculum
1S.HUThuta small primitive house
1S.SNTRsanatoriuma facility where victims of physical or mental disorders are treated
1S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
1S.MFGSGsugar refinerya facility for converting raw sugar into refined sugar
10.348 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
4.115T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
3.175T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
665T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
399T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
330T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
321T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
312T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
305T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
294T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
207T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
145T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
63T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
56T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
55T.MNDmound(s)a low, isolated, rounded hill
48T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
47T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
45T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
44T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
25T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
25T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
25T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
20T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
19T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
11T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
5T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
5T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
4T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
4T.TRRterracea long, narrow alluvial platform bounded by steeper slopes above and below, usually overlooking a waterbody
3T.DSRTdeserta large area with little or no vegetation due to extreme environmental conditions
3T.ISLTland-tied islanda coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes
3T.SCRPescarpmenta long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below
2T.LAVAlava areaan area of solidified lava
2T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
2T.FORDforda shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle
1T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
1T.VLCvolcanoa conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top
1T.KRSTkarst areaa distinctive landscape developed on soluble rock such as limestone characterized by sinkholes, caves, disappearing streams, and underground drainage
1T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
1T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
1T.SDLsaddlea broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains
1T.SINKsinkholea small crater-shape depression in a karst area
1T.DLTAdeltaa flat plain formed by alluvial deposits at the mouth of a stream
10.792 Total for T
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
29V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
28V.VINvineyarda planting of grapevines
13V.MDWmeadowa small, poorly drained area dominated by grassy vegetation
8V.OCHorchard(s)a planting of fruit or nut trees
1V.VINSvineyardsplantings of grapevines
1V.GRSLDgrasslandan area dominated by grass vegetation
80 Total for V

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