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Feature Statistic France

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
34.841A.ADM4fourth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a third-order administrative division
1.716A.ADM4Hhistorical fourth-order administrative divisiona former fourth-order administrative division
829A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
320A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
96A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
78A.ADM5fifth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a fourth-order administrative division
23A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
13A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
12A.ADMDHhistorical administrative division a former administrative division of a political entity, undifferentiated as to administrative level
11A.ADM3Hhistorical third-order administrative divisiona former third-order administrative division
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
37.940 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
3.220H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
521H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
322H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
303H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
261H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
239H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
237H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
174H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
145H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
87H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
83H.GLCRglacier(s)a mass of ice, usually at high latitudes or high elevations, with sufficient thickness to flow away from the source area in lobes, tongues, or masses
79H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
64H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
41H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
32H.DCKdock(s)a waterway between two piers, or cut into the land for the berthing of ships
30H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
22H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
19H.FLTTtidal flat(s)a large flat area of mud or sand attached to the shore and alternately covered and uncovered by the tide
15H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
15H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
14H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
14H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
12H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
12H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
12H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
11H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
11H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
9H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
9H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
6H.CRNTcurrenta horizontal flow of water in a given direction with uniform velocity
6H.CNLNnavigation canal(s)a watercourse constructed for navigation of vessels
6H.CNLAaqueducta conduit used to carry water
6H.BGHTbight(s)an open body of water forming a slight recession in a coastline
5H.DCKBdocking basina part of a harbor where ships dock
5H.LKXsection of lake
3H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
3H.LBEDlake bed(s)a dried up or drained area of a former lake
3H.SPNThot spring(s)a place where hot ground water flows naturally out of the ground
2H.PNDSpondssmall standing waterbodies
2H.STMXsection of stream
2H.DTCHDdrainage ditcha ditch which serves to drain the land
1H.CNLXsection of canal
1H.LGNSlagoonsshallow coastal waterbodies, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
1H.PNDNsalt ponda small standing body of salt water often in a marsh or swamp, usually along a seacoast
1H.POOLpool(s)a small and comparatively still, deep part of a larger body of water such as a stream or harbor; or a small body of standing water
1H.RPDSrapidsa turbulent section of a stream associated with a steep, irregular stream bed
1H.RSVTwater tanka contained pool or tank of water at, below, or above ground level
1H.SEAseaa large body of salt water more or less confined by continuous land or chains of islands forming a subdivision of an ocean
1H.AIRSseaplane landing areaa place on a waterbody where floatplanes land and take off
1H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
1H.STMIintermittent stream
1H.STMSstreamsbodies of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
1H.WHRLwhirlpoola turbulent, rotating movement of water in a stream
1H.FISHfishing areaa fishing ground, bank or area where fishermen go to catch fish
6.075 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
150L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
118L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
95L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
33L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
31L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
23L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
13L.DEVHhousing developmenta tract of land on which many houses of similar design are built according to a development plan
11L.RGNHhistorical regiona former historic area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
10L.GRAZgrazing areaan area of grasses and shrubs used for grazing
10L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
7L.BTLbattlefielda site of a land battle of historical importance
7L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
7L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
5L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
5L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
3L.RNGAartillery rangea tract of land used for artillery firing practice
3L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
2L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
2L.CLGclearingan area in a forest with trees removed
1L.OASoasis(-es)an area in a desert made productive by the availability of water
1L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
1L.MNAmining areaan area of mine sites where minerals and ores are extracted
1L.RESVreservationa tract of land set aside for aboriginal, tribal, or native populations
1L.COLFcoalfielda region in which coal deposits of possible economic value occur
1L.SNOWsnowfieldan area of permanent snow and ice forming the accumulation area of a glacier
541 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
78.842P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
1.018P.PPLXsection of populated place
330P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
231P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
84P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
70P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
34P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
33P.PPLCHhistorical capital of a political entitya former capital of a political entity
29P.PPLA4seat of a fourth-order administrative division
29P.PPLQabandoned populated place
16P.PPLA5seat of a fifth-order administrative division
14P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
12P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
2P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
2P.PPLRreligious populated placea populated place whose population is largely engaged in religious occupations
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
80.747 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
27R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
14R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
10R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
10R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
3R.RDAancient roadthe remains of a road used by ancient cultures
3R.PRMNpromenadea place for public walking, usually along a beach front
3R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
2R.RRQabandoned railroad
2R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
1R.TNLRRrailroad tunnela tunnel through which a railroad passes
1R.RJCTrailroad junctiona place where two or more railroad tracks join
1R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
77 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
12.280S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
9.837S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
3.078S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
853S.HSECcountry housea large house, mansion, or chateau, on a large estate
843S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
566S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
548S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
391S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
293S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
191S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
184S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
182S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
154S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
144S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
143S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
135S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
123S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
105S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
63S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
62S.GATEgatea controlled access entrance or exit
59S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
56S.RHSEresthousea structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers
51S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
49S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
45S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
44S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
35S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
34S.HUThuta small primitive house
33S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
33S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
30S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
29S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
29S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
28S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
28S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
27S.THTRtheatera building or outdoor area used for live theatrical presentations, concerts, opera or dance productions, cinema, and/or other stage productions
27S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
26S.AIRQabandoned airfield
26S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
26S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
25S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
25S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
21S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
19S.QUAYquaya structure of solid construction along a shore or bank which provides berthing for ships and which generally provides cargo handling facilities
17S.JTYjettya structure built out into the water at a river mouth or harbor entrance to regulate currents and silting
16S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
16S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
15S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
13S.BRKWbreakwatera structure erected to break the force of waves at the entrance to a harbor or port
12S.RLGreligious sitean ancient site of significant religious importance
11S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
11S.OPRAopera houseA theater designed chiefly for the performance of operas.
10S.DIKEdikean earth or stone embankment usually constructed for flood or stream control
9S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
8S.CTRFfacility centera place where more than one facility is situated
8S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
8S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
8S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
7S.LOCKlock(s)a basin in a waterway with gates at each end by means of which vessels are passed from one water level to another
7S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
7S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
7S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
7S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
7S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
7S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
6S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
5S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
5S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
5S.SPAspaa resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring
5S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
5S.GHSEguest housea house used to provide lodging for paying guests
5S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
5S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
5S.ARCHarcha natural or man-made structure in the form of an arch
4S.WTRWwaterworksa facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds
4S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
4S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
4S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
4S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
4S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
4S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
4S.FRMSfarmstracts of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
4S.AMTHamphitheateran oval or circular structure with rising tiers of seats about a stage or open space
4S.FRMQabandoned farm
4S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
3S.MNQabandoned mine
3S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
3S.SLCEsluicea conduit or passage for carrying off surplus water from a waterbody, usually regulated by means of a sluice gate
3S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
3S.HERMhermitagea secluded residence, usually for religious sects
3S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
3S.TOLLtoll gate/barrierhighway toll collection station
3S.CVNTconventa building where a community of nuns lives in seclusion
3S.MOLEmolea massive structure of masonry or large stones serving as a pier or breakwater
3S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
2S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
2S.TRANTtransit terminalfacilities for the handling of vehicular freight and passengers
2S.CMPQabandoned camp
2S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
2S.TRAMtramrail vehicle along urban streets (also known as streetcar or trolley)
2S.GOVLlocal government officea facility housing local governmental offices, usually a city, town, or village hall
2S.ASTRastronomical stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by observations of celestial bodies
2S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
2S.RDCRtraffic circlea road junction formed around a central circle about which traffic moves in one direction only
2S.WALLAancient wallthe remains of a linear defensive stone structure
2S.BDGQruined bridgea destroyed or decayed bridge which is no longer functional
1S.BANKbankA business establishment in which money is kept for saving or commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for loans, or exchanged.
1S.HMSDhomesteada residence, owner's or manager's, on a sheep or cattle station, woolshed, outcamp, or Aboriginal outstation, specific to Australia and New Zealand
1S.MLWNDwindmilla mill or water pump powered by wind
1S.GRVEgravea burial site
1S.OBSRradio observatorya facility equipped with an array of antennae for receiving radio waves from space
1S.PKLTparking lotan area used for parking vehicles
1S.ARCHVarchivea place or institution where documents are preserved
1S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
1S.PPQabandoned police post
1S.DARYdairya facility for the processing, sale and distribution of milk or milk products
1S.CTRSspace centera facility for launching, tracking, or controlling satellites and space vehicles
1S.RLGRretreata place of temporary seclusion, especially for religious groups
1S.CTRAatomic centera facility where atomic research is carried out
1S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
1S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
1S.SCHAagricultural schoola school with a curriculum focused on agriculture
1S.SCHLlanguage schoolLanguage Schools & Institutions
1S.SCHMmilitary schoola school at which military science forms the core of the curriculum
1S.SHSEstorehousea building for storing goods, especially provisions
1S.SNTRsanatoriuma facility where victims of physical or mental disorders are treated
1S.STBLstablea building for the shelter and feeding of farm animals, especially horses
1S.CARNcairna heap of stones erected as a landmark or for other purposes
1S.BPboundary markera fixture marking a point along a boundary
1S.SYGsynagoguea place for Jewish worship and religious instruction
1S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
1S.HUTShutssmall primitive houses
1S.LEPCleper colonya settled area inhabited by lepers in relative isolation
31.360 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
2.104T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
2.035T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
974T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
738T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
648T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
412T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
333T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
247T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
237T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
158T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
110T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
95T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
87T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
32T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
26T.GAPgapa low place in a ridge, not used for transportation
26T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
24T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
17T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
16T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
15T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
15T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
14T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
13T.ISLXsection of island
10T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
10T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
6T.CRQcirquea bowl-like hollow partially surrounded by cliffs or steep slopes at the head of a glaciated valley
5T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
5T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
3T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
2T.ISLTland-tied islanda coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes
2T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
2T.PKSpeakspointed elevations atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic features
2T.REGstony deserta desert plain characterized by a surface veneer of gravel and stones
2T.SDLsaddlea broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains
2T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
1T.FORDforda shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle
1T.VLCvolcanoa conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top
1T.PLDRpolderan area reclaimed from the sea by diking and draining
1T.CUETcuesta(s)an asymmetric ridge formed on tilted strata
1T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
1T.BUTEbutte(s)a small, isolated, usually flat-topped hill with steep sides
1T.RKFLrockfallan irregular mass of fallen rock at the base of a cliff or steep slope
1T.BLDRboulder fielda high altitude or high latitude bare, flat area covered with large angular rocks
1T.SCRPescarpmenta long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below
1T.SHORshorea narrow zone bordering a waterbody which covers and uncovers at high and low water, respectively
1T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
1T.TALtalus slopea steep concave slope formed by an accumulation of loose rock fragments at the base of a cliff or steep slope
1T.MRNmorainea mound, ridge, or other accumulation of glacial till
1T.ATOLatoll(s)a ring-shaped coral reef which has closely spaced islands on it encircling a lagoon
8.441 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
1U.SMUseamountan elevation rising generally more than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summit
1U.CNYUcanyona relatively narrow, deep depression with steep sides, the bottom of which generally has a continuous slope
1U.TRNUtrencha long, narrow, characteristically very deep and asymmetrical depression of the sea floor, with relatively steep sides
3 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
2.632V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
27V.VINvineyarda planting of grapevines
4V.GRSLDgrasslandan area dominated by grass vegetation
3V.HTHheathan upland moor or sandy area dominated by low shrubby vegetation including heather
3V.TREEtree(s)a conspicuous tree used as a landmark
3V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
1V.SCRBscrublandan area of low trees, bushes, and shrubs stunted by some environmental limitation
2.673 Total for V

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