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Feature Statistic Iraq

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
140A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
49A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
19A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
8A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
1A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
1A.ADM2Hhistorical second-order administrative divisiona former second-order administrative division
219 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
3.478H.WADwadia valley or ravine, bounded by relatively steep banks, which in the rainy season becomes a watercourse; found primarily in North Africa and the Middle East
1.645H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
1.190H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
498H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
296H.STMIintermittent stream
234H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
212H.WTRHwaterhole(s)a natural hole, hollow, or small depression that contains water, used by man and animals, especially in arid areas
181H.SYSIirrigation systema network of ditches and one or more of the following elements: water supply, reservoir, canal, pump, well, drain, etc.
140H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
140H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
72H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
64H.LKIintermittent lake
43H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
32H.SBKHsabkha(s)a salt flat or salt encrusted plain subject to periodic inundation from flooding or high tides
30H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
19H.CNLQabandoned canal
13H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
13H.STMXsection of stream
12H.WADXsection of wadi
11H.FLTMmud flat(s)a relatively level area of mud either between high and low tide lines, or subject to flooding
10H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
9H.WADMwadi mouththe lower terminus of a wadi where it widens into an adjoining floodplain, depression, or waterbody
9H.DTCHDdrainage ditcha ditch which serves to drain the land
8H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
6H.CRKTtidal creek(s)a meandering channel in a coastal wetland subject to bi-directional tidal currents
6H.POOLIintermittent pool
6H.CNLXsection of canal
5H.DTCHIirrigation ditcha ditch which serves to distribute irrigation water
5H.WLLQabandoned well
5H.POOLpool(s)a small and comparatively still, deep part of a larger body of water such as a stream or harbor; or a small body of standing water
5H.WADJwadi junctiona place where two or more wadies join
4H.LKNIintermittent salt lake
3H.RSVTwater tanka contained pool or tank of water at, below, or above ground level
3H.CNLSBunderground irrigation canal(s)a gently inclined underground tunnel bringing water for irrigation from aquifers
3H.WTLDwetlandan area subject to inundation, usually characterized by bog, marsh, or swamp vegetation
2H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
2H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
2H.CNLAaqueducta conduit used to carry water
2H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
2H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
2H.STMHheadwatersthe source and upper part of a stream, including the upper drainage basin
2H.STMIXsection of intermittent stream
2H.STMQabandoned watercoursea former stream or distributary no longer carrying flowing water, but still evident due to lakes, wetland, topographic or vegetation patterns
2H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
1H.RCHreacha straight section of a navigable stream or channel between two bends
1H.PNDSFfishpondsponds or enclosures in which fish are kept or raised
1H.PNDIintermittent pond
1H.CNFLconfluencea place where two or more streams or intermittent streams flow together
1H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
1H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
1H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
1H.MFGNsalt evaporation pondsdiked salt ponds used in the production of solar evaporated salt
1H.WTLDIintermittent wetland
1H.LKCcrater lakea lake in a crater or caldera
8.438 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
3.567L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
592L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
38L.TRBtribal areaa tract of land used by nomadic or other tribes
32L.OILFoilfieldan area containing a subterranean store of petroleum of economic value
16L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
8L.MILBmilitary basea place used by an army or other armed service for storing arms and supplies, and for accommodating and training troops, a base from which operations can be initiated
6L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
5L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
4L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
4L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
4L.MNAmining areaan area of mine sites where minerals and ores are extracted
2L.RESAagricultural reservea tract of land reserved for agricultural reclamation and/or development
1L.OASoasis(-es)an area in a desert made productive by the availability of water
1L.MVAmaneuver areaa tract of land where military field exercises are carried out
1L.GRAZgrazing areaan area of grasses and shrubs used for grazing
1L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
1L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
1L.RGNHhistorical regiona former historic area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
1L.RNGAartillery rangea tract of land used for artillery firing practice
1L.BSNPpetroleum basinan area underlain by an oil-rich structural basin
1L.AGRCagricultural colonya tract of land set aside for agricultural settlement
4.287 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
20.669P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
1.200P.PPLQabandoned populated place
1.090P.PPLXsection of populated place
470P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
183P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
84P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
59P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
23P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
17P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
23.796 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
119R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
108R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
11R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
6R.OILPoil pipelinea pipeline used for transporting oil
6R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
1R.RJCTrailroad junctiona place where two or more railroad tracks join
1R.RRQabandoned railroad
1R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
253 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
11.460S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
304S.MSQEmosquea building for public Islamic worship
228S.SCHTtechnical schoolpost-secondary school with a specifically technical or vocational curriculum
224S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
200S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
186S.PSTBborder posta post or station at an international boundary for the regulation of movement of people and goods
172S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
150S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
148S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
111S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
106S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
94S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
92S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
85S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
65S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
60S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
54S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
53S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
41S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
40S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
39S.AIRQabandoned airfield
31S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
29S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
29S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
28S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
27S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
20S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
20S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
19S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
19S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
18S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
18S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
17S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
15S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
15S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
14S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
13S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
12S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
12S.OILWoil wella well from which oil may be pumped
12S.CARNcairna heap of stones erected as a landmark or for other purposes
11S.PMPOoil pumping stationa facility for pumping oil through a pipeline
10S.GRVEgravea burial site
10S.WTRWwaterworksa facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds
10S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
10S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
9S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
9S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
8S.OILRoil refinerya facility for converting crude oil into refined petroleum products
8S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
8S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
8S.SLCEsluicea conduit or passage for carrying off surplus water from a waterbody, usually regulated by means of a sluice gate
7S.SHSEstorehousea building for storing goods, especially provisions
7S.SCHAagricultural schoola school with a curriculum focused on agriculture
6S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
6S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
6S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
5S.TRMOoil pipeline terminala tank farm or loading facility at the end of an oil pipeline
5S.DPOFfuel depotan area where fuel is stored
5S.CSTMcustoms housea building in a port where customs and duties are paid, and where vessels are entered and cleared
4S.BDGQruined bridgea destroyed or decayed bridge which is no longer functional
4S.SWTsewage treatment plantfacility for the processing of sewage and/or wastewater
3S.RHSEresthousea structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers
3S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
3S.DIPdiplomatic facilityoffice, residence, or facility of a foreign government, which may include an embassy, consulate, chancery, office of charge d'affaires, or other diplomatic, economic, military, or cultural mission
3S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
3S.SCHMmilitary schoola school at which military science forms the core of the curriculum
3S.OILTtank farma tract of land occupied by large, cylindrical, metal tanks in which oil or liquid petrochemicals are stored
3S.PPQabandoned police post
2S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
2S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
2S.MFGBbreweryone or more buildings where beer is brewed
2S.STNFforest stationa collection of buildings and facilities for carrying out forest management
2S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
2S.CTRMmedical centera complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor's offices, etc.
2S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
2S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
2S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
2S.BRKSbarracksa building for lodging military personnel
2S.RLGreligious sitean ancient site of significant religious importance
1S.MNNsalt mine(s)a mine from which salt is extracted
1S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
1S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
1S.CMPQabandoned camp
1S.CMPRFrefugee campa camp used by refugees
1S.CRRLcorral(s)a pen or enclosure for confining or capturing animals
1S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
1S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
1S.GATEgatea controlled access entrance or exit
1S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
1S.GHSEguest housea house used to provide lodging for paying guests
1S.GOSPgas-oil separator planta facility for separating gas from oil
1S.GOVLlocal government officea facility housing local governmental offices, usually a city, town, or village hall
1S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
1S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
1S.MFGPHphosphate worksa facility for producing fertilizer
1S.MLWTRwater milla mill powered by running water
1S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
1S.NSYnursery(-ies)a place where plants are propagated for transplanting or grafting
1S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
1S.OILJoil pipeline junctiona section of an oil pipeline where two or more pipes join together
1S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
1S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
1S.PSTPpatrol posta post from which patrols are sent out
1S.RDCRtraffic circlea road junction formed around a central circle about which traffic moves in one direction only
1S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
1S.RSDrailroad sidinga short track parallel to and joining the main track
1S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
1S.STNIinspection stationa station at which vehicles, goods, and people are inspected
1S.VETFveterinary facilitya building or camp at which veterinary services are available
1S.WALLwalla thick masonry structure, usually enclosing a field or building, or forming the side of a structure
1S.WEIRweir(s)a small dam in a stream, designed to raise the water level or to divert stream flow through a desired channel
14.511 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
1.954T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
847T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
449T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
241T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
47T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
42T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
40T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
40T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
34T.LEVleveea natural low embankment bordering a distributary or meandering stream; often built up artificially to control floods
31T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
31T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
30T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
22T.MNDmound(s)a low, isolated, rounded hill
17T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
9T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
7T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
7T.SCRPescarpmenta long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below
6T.DSRTdeserta large area with little or no vegetation due to extreme environmental conditions
6T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
4T.SDLsaddlea broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains
4T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
4T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
3T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
2T.ISLXsection of island
2T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
2T.HMCKhammock(s)a patch of ground, distinct from and slightly above the surrounding plain or wetland. Often occurs in groups
2T.PANpana near-level shallow, natural depression or basin, usually containing an intermittent lake, pond, or pool
1T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
1T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
1T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
1T.FORDforda shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle
1T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
1T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
3.889 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
1U.VLSUvalleysa relatively shallow, wide depression, the bottom of which usually has a continuous gradient
1 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
254V.OCHorchard(s)a planting of fruit or nut trees
117V.GROVEgrovea small wooded area or collection of trees growing closely together, occurring naturally or deliberately planted
64V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
1V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
1V.VINvineyarda planting of grapevines
437 Total for V

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Administrative Division
Feature Statistic
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Highest Mountains
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