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Feature Statistic New Zealand

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
172A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
122A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
66A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
17A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
1A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
379 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
21.357H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
2.282H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
1.157H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
425H.GLCRglacier(s)a mass of ice, usually at high latitudes or high elevations, with sufficient thickness to flow away from the source area in lobes, tongues, or masses
286H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
162H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
119H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
113H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
57H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
56H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
55H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
42H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
39H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
31H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
29H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
26H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
24H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
21H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
16H.SDsounda long arm of the sea forming a channel between the mainland and an island or islands; or connecting two larger bodies of water
15H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
11H.RCHreacha straight section of a navigable stream or channel between two bends
10H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
7H.SPNThot spring(s)a place where hot ground water flows naturally out of the ground
7H.FJDfjorda long, narrow, steep-walled, deep-water arm of the sea at high latitudes, usually along mountainous coasts
6H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
5H.WTRCwatercoursea natural, well-defined channel produced by flowing water, or an artificial channel designed to carry flowing water
5H.GYSRgeysera type of hot spring with intermittent eruptions of jets of hot water and steam
4H.FLTTtidal flat(s)a large flat area of mud or sand attached to the shore and alternately covered and uncovered by the tide
4H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
4H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
3H.CHNNnavigation channela buoyed channel of sufficient depth for the safe navigation of vessels
2H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
2H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
2H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
2H.BGHTbight(s)an open body of water forming a slight recession in a coastline
1H.RPDSrapidsa turbulent section of a stream associated with a steep, irregular stream bed
1H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
1H.STMBstream benda conspicuously curved or bent segment of a stream
26.389 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
3.407L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
352L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
170L.RESVreservationa tract of land set aside for aboriginal, tribal, or native populations
20L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
10L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
9L.TRBtribal areaa tract of land used by nomadic or other tribes
7L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
5L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
3L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
3L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
2L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
2L.SNOWsnowfieldan area of permanent snow and ice forming the accumulation area of a glacier
1L.MNAmining areaan area of mine sites where minerals and ores are extracted
1L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
1L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
3.993 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
2.479P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
506P.PPLXsection of populated place
16P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
11P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
4P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
2P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
1P.PPLGseat of government of a political entity
1P.PPLQabandoned populated place
1P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
1P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
1P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
3.024 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
655R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
79R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
35R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
24R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
1R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
794 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
9.619S.FRMTfarmsteadthe buildings and adjacent service areas of a farm
1.275S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
1.109S.HUThuta small primitive house
382S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
320S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
317S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
165S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
128S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
89S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
78S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
49S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
38S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
33S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
33S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
28S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
25S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
23S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
21S.WRCKwreckthe site of the remains of a wrecked vessel
18S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
13S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
10S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
8S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
8S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
7S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
6S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
6S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
6S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
5S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
4S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
4S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
4S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
4S.QUAYquaya structure of solid construction along a shore or bank which provides berthing for ships and which generally provides cargo handling facilities
4S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
3S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
3S.GHSEguest housea house used to provide lodging for paying guests
2S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
2S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
2S.AIRQabandoned airfield
2S.FYferrya boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody
2S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
2S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
2S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
1S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
1S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
1S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
1S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
1S.DCKDdry docka dock providing support for a vessel, and means for removing the water so that the bottom of the vessel can be exposed
1S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
1S.HMSDhomesteada residence, owner's or manager's, on a sheep or cattle station, woolshed, outcamp, or Aboriginal outstation, specific to Australia and New Zealand
1S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
1S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
1S.JTYjettya structure built out into the water at a river mouth or harbor entrance to regulate currents and silting
1S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
1S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
1S.MLWNDwindmilla mill or water pump powered by wind
1S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
1S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
1S.PRKGTpark gatea controlled access to a park
1S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
1S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
1S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
1S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
1S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
1S.STNEexperiment stationa facility for carrying out experiments
1S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
1S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
13.883 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
7.195T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
2.944T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
2.103T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
1.259T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
865T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
718T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
712T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
704T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
501T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
387T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
324T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
259T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
220T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
168T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
92T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
69T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
58T.PANpana near-level shallow, natural depression or basin, usually containing an intermittent lake, pond, or pool
48T.PKSpeakspointed elevations atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic features
47T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
39T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
19T.FORDforda shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle
18T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
13T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
11T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
6T.ISTHisthmusa narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water
4T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
3T.GAPgapa low place in a ridge, not used for transportation
2T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
2T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
1T.BLDRboulder fielda high altitude or high latitude bare, flat area covered with large angular rocks
1T.MRNmorainea mound, ridge, or other accumulation of glacial till
1T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
1T.VLCvolcanoa conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top
1T.BCHSbeachesa shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
1T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
18.796 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
2U.BNKUbankan elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for safe surface navigation
1U.BSNUbasina depression more or less equidimensional in plan and of variable extent
1U.FLTUflata small level or nearly level area
1U.SHLUshoala surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
1U.SMSUseamountselevations rising generally more than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summit
6 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
340V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
6V.TREEtree(s)a conspicuous tree used as a landmark
346 Total for V

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