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Feature Statistic Romania

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
3.181A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
42A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
6A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
6A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
3.236 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
662H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
171H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
12H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
10H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
8H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
6H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
5H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
5H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
4H.RPDSrapidsa turbulent section of a stream associated with a steep, irregular stream bed
2H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
2H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
1H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
1H.LKXsection of lake
1H.STMIintermittent stream
1H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
1H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
1H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
1H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
894 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
17L.CLGclearingan area in a forest with trees removed
15L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
13L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
12L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
6L.RGNHhistorical regiona former historic area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
6L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
5L.RGNLlake regiona tract of land distinguished by numerous lakes
3L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
3L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
2L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
1L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
1L.SNOWsnowfieldan area of permanent snow and ice forming the accumulation area of a glacier
84 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
12.379P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
2.989P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
2.797P.PPLXsection of populated place
40P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
2P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
2P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
1P.PPLRreligious populated placea populated place whose population is largely engaged in religious occupations
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
1P.PPLCHhistorical capital of a political entitya former capital of a political entity
1P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
18.213 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
5R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
3R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
2R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
1R.PRMNpromenadea place for public walking, usually along a beach front
1R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
1R.RJCTrailroad junctiona place where two or more railroad tracks join
13 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
685S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
259S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
73S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
69S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
52S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
50S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
46S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
31S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
24S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
21S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
20S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
20S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
19S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
18S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
18S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
17S.BANKbankA business establishment in which money is kept for saving or commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for loans, or exchanged.
12S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
11S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
10S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
10S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
9S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
8S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
7S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
7S.THTRtheatera building or outdoor area used for live theatrical presentations, concerts, opera or dance productions, cinema, and/or other stage productions
7S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
6S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
5S.BUSTPbus stopa place lacking station facilities
5S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
5S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
5S.CTRMmedical centera complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor's offices, etc.
5S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
5S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
5S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
4S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
4S.DPOFfuel depotan area where fuel is stored
4S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
4S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
4S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
4S.WTRWwaterworksa facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds
4S.SHSEstorehousea building for storing goods, especially provisions
3S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
3S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
3S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
3S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
3S.GHSEguest housea house used to provide lodging for paying guests
3S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
3S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
3S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
2S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
2S.AIRQabandoned airfield
2S.GATEgatea controlled access entrance or exit
2S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
2S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
2S.HSPDdispensarya building where medical or dental aid is dispensed
2S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
2S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
2S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
2S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
2S.PKLTparking lotan area used for parking vehicles
2S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
2S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
1S.ASTRastronomical stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by observations of celestial bodies
1S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
1S.CMPQabandoned camp
1S.CTRFfacility centera place where more than one facility is situated
1S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
1S.FRMSfarmstracts of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
1S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
1S.GRVEgravea burial site
1S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
1S.MNCcoal mine(s)a mine where coal is extracted
1S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
1S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
1S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
1S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
1S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
1S.PSTPpatrol posta post from which patrols are sent out
1S.QUAYquaya structure of solid construction along a shore or bank which provides berthing for ships and which generally provides cargo handling facilities
1S.SCHTtechnical schoolpost-secondary school with a specifically technical or vocational curriculum
1S.SPAspaa resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring
1S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
1S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
1S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
1.644 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
1.256T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
425T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
409T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
219T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
80T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
36T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
35T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
22T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
20T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
12T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
9T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
9T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
9T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
8T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
7T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
4T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
4T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
3T.SDLsaddlea broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains
2T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
2T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
1T.DLTAdeltaa flat plain formed by alluvial deposits at the mouth of a stream
1T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
2.573 Total for T
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
25V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
1V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
1V.GRSLDgrasslandan area dominated by grass vegetation
1V.OCHorchard(s)a planting of fruit or nut trees
28 Total for V

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