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Feature Statistic South Africa

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
234A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
52A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
9A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
1A.ADM4fourth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a third-order administrative division
1A.ADM3Hhistorical third-order administrative divisiona former third-order administrative division
1A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
299 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
4.508H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
3.675H.STMIintermittent stream
1.367H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
306H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
303H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
213H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
207H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
107H.WTRHwaterhole(s)a natural hole, hollow, or small depression that contains water, used by man and animals, especially in arid areas
91H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
60H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
56H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
53H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
32H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
25H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
24H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
22H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
18H.STMXsection of stream
18H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
14H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
13H.POOLpool(s)a small and comparatively still, deep part of a larger body of water such as a stream or harbor; or a small body of standing water
8H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
8H.WTRCwatercoursea natural, well-defined channel produced by flowing water, or an artificial channel designed to carry flowing water
6H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
6H.SYSIirrigation systema network of ditches and one or more of the following elements: water supply, reservoir, canal, pump, well, drain, etc.
6H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
5H.DCKdock(s)a waterway between two piers, or cut into the land for the berthing of ships
3H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
3H.STMBstream benda conspicuously curved or bent segment of a stream
3H.AIRSseaplane landing areaa place on a waterbody where floatplanes land and take off
3H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
2H.PNDIintermittent pond
2H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
2H.CNFLconfluencea place where two or more streams or intermittent streams flow together
2H.CNLAaqueducta conduit used to carry water
2H.DCKBdocking basina part of a harbor where ships dock
2H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
2H.LKIintermittent lake
2H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
2H.LKXsection of lake
1H.STMHheadwatersthe source and upper part of a stream, including the upper drainage basin
1H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
1H.FISHfishing areaa fishing ground, bank or area where fishermen go to catch fish
11.184 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
1.257L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
313L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
137L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
118L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
68L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
44L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
22L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
18L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
5L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
5L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
4L.RESHhunting reservea tract of land used primarily for hunting
1L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
1L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
1L.DEVHhousing developmenta tract of land on which many houses of similar design are built according to a development plan
1L.CNSconcession areaa lease of land by a government for economic development, e.g., mining, forestry
1L.BTLbattlefielda site of a land battle of historical importance
1L.RESVreservationa tract of land set aside for aboriginal, tribal, or native populations
1L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
1.999 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
11.938P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
915P.PPLXsection of populated place
179P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
162P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
38P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
9P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
2P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
1P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
1P.PPLGseat of government of a political entity
13.246 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
18R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
7R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
6R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
4R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
3R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
2R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
1R.RJCTrailroad junctiona place where two or more railroad tracks join
1R.TNLRRrailroad tunnela tunnel through which a railroad passes
42 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
51.007S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
1.823S.RSDrailroad sidinga short track parallel to and joining the main track
1.338S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
996S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
674S.MSSNmissiona place characterized by dwellings, school, church, hospital and other facilities operated by a religious group for the purpose of providing charitable services and to propagate religion
486S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
284S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
130S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
59S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
55S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
55S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
53S.AIRQabandoned airfield
51S.STNFforest stationa collection of buildings and facilities for carrying out forest management
51S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
50S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
46S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
46S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
43S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
37S.SHSEstorehousea building for storing goods, especially provisions
37S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
34S.MNCcoal mine(s)a mine where coal is extracted
32S.MNQabandoned mine
28S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
28S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
24S.FRMTfarmsteadthe buildings and adjacent service areas of a farm
21S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
20S.MNAUgold mine(s)a mine where gold ore, or alluvial gold is extracted
15S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
15S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
15S.PSTBborder posta post or station at an international boundary for the regulation of movement of people and goods
15S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
15S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
15S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
14S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
13S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
12S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
12S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
12S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
12S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
12S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
11S.TNKDcattle dipping tanka small artificial pond used for immersing cattle in chemically treated water for disease control
11S.PSTPpatrol posta post from which patrols are sent out
10S.MNCRchrome mine(s)a mine where chrome ore is extracted
10S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
9S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
9S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
9S.GHSEguest housea house used to provide lodging for paying guests
8S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
7S.RNCHranch(es)a large farm specializing in extensive grazing of livestock
7S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
6S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
6S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
6S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
5S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
4S.SCHAagricultural schoola school with a curriculum focused on agriculture
4S.JTYjettya structure built out into the water at a river mouth or harbor entrance to regulate currents and silting
4S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
4S.GATEgatea controlled access entrance or exit
4S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
4S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
3S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
3S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
3S.HUThuta small primitive house
3S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
3S.MLSWsawmilla mill where logs or lumber are sawn to specified shapes and sizes
3S.SPAspaa resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring
3S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
3S.WRCKwreckthe site of the remains of a wrecked vessel
2S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
2S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
2S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
2S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
2S.BRKWbreakwatera structure erected to break the force of waves at the entrance to a harbor or port
2S.MLWNDwindmilla mill or water pump powered by wind
2S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
2S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
2S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
2S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
2S.HSECcountry housea large house, mansion, or chateau, on a large estate
2S.FRMSfarmstracts of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
2S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
2S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
2S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
1S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
1S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
1S.CRRLcorral(s)a pen or enclosure for confining or capturing animals
1S.HMSDhomesteada residence, owner's or manager's, on a sheep or cattle station, woolshed, outcamp, or Aboriginal outstation, specific to Australia and New Zealand
1S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
1S.FRMQabandoned farm
1S.MNFEiron mine(s)a mine where iron ore is extracted
1S.CVNTconventa building where a community of nuns lives in seclusion
1S.CMPMNmining campa camp used by miners
1S.DCKDdry docka dock providing support for a vessel, and means for removing the water so that the bottom of the vessel can be exposed
1S.MFGLMlimekilna furnace in which limestone is reduced to lime
1S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
1S.MFGBbreweryone or more buildings where beer is brewed
1S.DCKYdockyarda facility for servicing, building, or repairing ships
1S.BANKbankA business establishment in which money is kept for saving or commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for loans, or exchanged.
1S.LNDFlandfilla place for trash and garbage disposal in which the waste is buried between layers of earth to build up low-lying land
1S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
1S.SHPFsheepfolda fence or wall enclosure for sheep and other small herd animals
1S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
1S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
1S.WTRWwaterworksa facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds
1S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
1S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
57.900 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
8.369T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
5.163T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
847T.PANpana near-level shallow, natural depression or basin, usually containing an intermittent lake, pond, or pool
682T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
377T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
291T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
274T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
250T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
215T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
206T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
201T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
140T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
132T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
112T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
106T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
96T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
87T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
84T.FORDforda shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle
42T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
40T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
29T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
27T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
16T.TRGDinterdune trough(s)a long wind-swept trough between parallel longitudinal dunes
14T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
13T.SDLsaddlea broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains
10T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
9T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
6T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
6T.SCRPescarpmenta long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below
5T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
4T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
3T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
2T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
2T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
2T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
2T.ISLTland-tied islanda coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes
1T.GAPgapa low place in a ridge, not used for transportation
1T.MNDmound(s)a low, isolated, rounded hill
1T.ISTHisthmusa narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water
1T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
1T.SHORshorea narrow zone bordering a waterbody which covers and uncovers at high and low water, respectively
17.869 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
1U.PRVUprovincea region identifiable by a group of similar physiographic features whose characteristics are markedly in contrast with surrounding areas
1 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
211V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
8V.VINvineyarda planting of grapevines
3V.SCRBscrublandan area of low trees, bushes, and shrubs stunted by some environmental limitation
2V.OCHorchard(s)a planting of fruit or nut trees
1V.TREEtree(s)a conspicuous tree used as a landmark
1V.VINSvineyardsplantings of grapevines
226 Total for V

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