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Feature Statistic Sri Lanka

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
14.018A.ADM4fourth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a third-order administrative division
329A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
25A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
9A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
2A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.ADM3Hhistorical third-order administrative divisiona former third-order administrative division
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
1A.PRSHparishan ecclesiastical district
14.386 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
6.671H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
1.519H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
250H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
229H.WTRHwaterhole(s)a natural hole, hollow, or small depression that contains water, used by man and animals, especially in arid areas
76H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
47H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
37H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
34H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
33H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
33H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
30H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
23H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
20H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
17H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
17H.AIRSseaplane landing areaa place on a waterbody where floatplanes land and take off
14H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
10H.STMIintermittent stream
10H.RSVTwater tanka contained pool or tank of water at, below, or above ground level
10H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
8H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
8H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
8H.POOLpool(s)a small and comparatively still, deep part of a larger body of water such as a stream or harbor; or a small body of standing water
6H.STMXsection of stream
4H.RSVIintermittent reservoir
4H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
3H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
3H.RPDSrapidsa turbulent section of a stream associated with a steep, irregular stream bed
2H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
2H.PNDNsalt ponda small standing body of salt water often in a marsh or swamp, usually along a seacoast
2H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
1H.WTLDwetlandan area subject to inundation, usually characterized by bog, marsh, or swamp vegetation
1H.CNLQabandoned canal
1H.CNLSBunderground irrigation canal(s)a gently inclined underground tunnel bringing water for irrigation from aquifers
1H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
1H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
1H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
1H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
9.137 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
4.333L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
114L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
56L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
12L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
8L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
8L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
4L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
2L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
1L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
1L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
4.539 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
17.627P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
94P.PPLXsection of populated place
18P.PPLQabandoned populated place
8P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
2P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
2P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
2P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
17.754 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
74R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
7R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
1R.CSWYcausewaya raised roadway across wet ground or shallow water
1R.RJCTrailroad junctiona place where two or more railroad tracks join
1R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
84 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
3.106S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
1.588S.ESTXsection of estate
959S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
674S.ESTRrubber plantationan estate which specializes in growing and tapping rubber trees
447S.ESTOoil palm plantationan estate specializing in the cultivation of oil palm trees
383S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
237S.ESTTtea plantationan estate which specializes in growing tea bushes
74S.TMPLtemple(s)an edifice dedicated to religious worship
55S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
54S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
51S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
50S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
43S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
36S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
30S.RLGreligious sitean ancient site of significant religious importance
28S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
22S.BANKbankA business establishment in which money is kept for saving or commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for loans, or exchanged.
18S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
17S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
16S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
14S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
14S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
11S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
11S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
11S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
9S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
9S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
9S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
8S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
8S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
7S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
6S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
6S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
5S.FYferrya boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody
5S.JTYjettya structure built out into the water at a river mouth or harbor entrance to regulate currents and silting
5S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
5S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
4S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
4S.DIPdiplomatic facilityoffice, residence, or facility of a foreign government, which may include an embassy, consulate, chancery, office of charge d'affaires, or other diplomatic, economic, military, or cultural mission
3S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
3S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
3S.BRKWbreakwatera structure erected to break the force of waves at the entrance to a harbor or port
3S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
3S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
3S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
2S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
2S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
2S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
2S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
2S.SLCEsluicea conduit or passage for carrying off surplus water from a waterbody, usually regulated by means of a sluice gate
2S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
2S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
2S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
2S.NSYnursery(-ies)a place where plants are propagated for transplanting or grafting
2S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
2S.HERMhermitagea secluded residence, usually for religious sects
1S.THTRtheatera building or outdoor area used for live theatrical presentations, concerts, opera or dance productions, cinema, and/or other stage productions
1S.DARYdairya facility for the processing, sale and distribution of milk or milk products
1S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
1S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
1S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
1S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
1S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
1S.MSQEmosquea building for public Islamic worship
1S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
1S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
1S.CSTMcustoms housea building in a port where customs and duties are paid, and where vessels are entered and cleared
1S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
1S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
1S.PRKHQpark headquartersa park administrative facility
1S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
1S.RDCRtraffic circlea road junction formed around a central circle about which traffic moves in one direction only
1S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
1S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
1S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
8.098 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
503T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
372T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
148T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
126T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
119T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
70T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
16T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
11T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
9T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
7T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
6T.ISLTland-tied islanda coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes
6T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
4T.ISLXsection of island
4T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
3T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
2T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
2T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
2T.LEVleveea natural low embankment bordering a distributary or meandering stream; often built up artificially to control floods
2T.FORDforda shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle
2T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
1T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
1T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
1T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
1T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
1T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
1T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
1.420 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
2U.RDGUridgea long narrow elevation with steep sides
1U.CNYUcanyona relatively narrow, deep depression with steep sides, the bottom of which generally has a continuous slope
3 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
563V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
324V.SCRBscrublandan area of low trees, bushes, and shrubs stunted by some environmental limitation
221V.GROVEgrovea small wooded area or collection of trees growing closely together, occurring naturally or deliberately planted
120V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
93V.GRSLDgrasslandan area dominated by grass vegetation
6V.GRVCcoconut grovea planting of coconut trees
1.327 Total for V

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