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Feature Statistic Switzerland

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
2.172A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
391A.ADM3Hhistorical third-order administrative divisiona former third-order administrative division
148A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
39A.ADM2Hhistorical second-order administrative divisiona former second-order administrative division
26A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
18A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
2A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
2.797 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
1.140H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
811H.GLCRglacier(s)a mass of ice, usually at high latitudes or high elevations, with sufficient thickness to flow away from the source area in lobes, tongues, or masses
175H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
97H.POOLpool(s)a small and comparatively still, deep part of a larger body of water such as a stream or harbor; or a small body of standing water
44H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
39H.POOLIintermittent pool
33H.LKXsection of lake
13H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
9H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
3H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
3H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
3H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
3H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
2H.BOGbog(s)a wetland characterized by peat forming sphagnum moss, sedge, and other acid-water plants
2H.RSVTwater tanka contained pool or tank of water at, below, or above ground level
2H.CRNTcurrenta horizontal flow of water in a given direction with uniform velocity
1H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
1H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
1H.LKIintermittent lake
1H.FLTMmud flat(s)a relatively level area of mud either between high and low tide lines, or subject to flooding
1H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
1H.WTLDwetlandan area subject to inundation, usually characterized by bog, marsh, or swamp vegetation
1H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
2.386 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
234L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
38L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
27L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
23L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
21L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
6L.SNOWsnowfieldan area of permanent snow and ice forming the accumulation area of a glacier
5L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
2L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
1L.CLGclearingan area in a forest with trees removed
1L.RGNLlake regiona tract of land distinguished by numerous lakes
1L.RNGAartillery rangea tract of land used for artillery firing practice
1L.GVLgravel areaan area covered with gravel
360 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
7.668P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
3.536P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
1.755P.PPLXsection of populated place
117P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
79P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
25P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
10P.PPLQabandoned populated place
4P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
3P.PPLCHhistorical capital of a political entitya former capital of a political entity
1P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
1P.PPLA4seat of a fourth-order administrative division
13.200 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
12R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
10R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
4R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
3R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
2R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
1R.TNLRRrailroad tunnela tunnel through which a railroad passes
1R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
33 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
22.186S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
21.088S.BUSTPbus stopa place lacking station facilities
1.862S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
1.151S.BANKbankA business establishment in which money is kept for saving or commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for loans, or exchanged.
913S.HUThuta small primitive house
833S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
746S.SWTsewage treatment plantfacility for the processing of sewage and/or wastewater
603S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
570S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
393S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
357S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
283S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
274S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
213S.STBLstablea building for the shelter and feeding of farm animals, especially horses
183S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
122S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
93S.RHSEresthousea structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers
63S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
62S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
48S.MLWNDwindmilla mill or water pump powered by wind
46S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
44S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
37S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
35S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
35S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
34S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
33S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
32S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
26S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
24S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
20S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
18S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
16S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
14S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
13S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
13S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
10S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
9S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
9S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
8S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
7S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
7S.RNCHranch(es)a large farm specializing in extensive grazing of livestock
6S.AIRQabandoned airfield
5S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
5S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
5S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
5S.GHSEguest housea house used to provide lodging for paying guests
5S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
5S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
4S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
4S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
4S.PKLTparking lotan area used for parking vehicles
4S.THTRtheatera building or outdoor area used for live theatrical presentations, concerts, opera or dance productions, cinema, and/or other stage productions
4S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
4S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
3S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
3S.CSTMcustoms housea building in a port where customs and duties are paid, and where vessels are entered and cleared
3S.SPAspaa resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring
3S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
3S.DARYdairya facility for the processing, sale and distribution of milk or milk products
3S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
3S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
3S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
3S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
3S.CVNTconventa building where a community of nuns lives in seclusion
2S.MLSWsawmilla mill where logs or lumber are sawn to specified shapes and sizes
2S.BRKSbarracksa building for lodging military personnel
2S.CTRMmedical centera complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor's offices, etc.
2S.FYferrya boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody
2S.HLThalting placea place where caravans stop for rest
2S.HSECcountry housea large house, mansion, or chateau, on a large estate
2S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
2S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
2S.LOCKlock(s)a basin in a waterway with gates at each end by means of which vessels are passed from one water level to another
2S.OILTtank farma tract of land occupied by large, cylindrical, metal tanks in which oil or liquid petrochemicals are stored
2S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
2S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
2S.PSNnuclear power stationnuclear power station
2S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
2S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
2S.SHSEstorehousea building for storing goods, especially provisions
2S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
1S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
1S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
1S.JTYjettya structure built out into the water at a river mouth or harbor entrance to regulate currents and silting
1S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
1S.CTRSspace centera facility for launching, tracking, or controlling satellites and space vehicles
1S.RLGreligious sitean ancient site of significant religious importance
1S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
1S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
1S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
1S.MLWTRwater milla mill powered by running water
1S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
1S.CMPQabandoned camp
1S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
1S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
1S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
1S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
1S.BTYDboatyarda waterside facility for servicing, repairing, and building small vessels
1S.BPboundary markera fixture marking a point along a boundary
1S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
1S.STNFforest stationa collection of buildings and facilities for carrying out forest management
1S.OPRAopera houseA theater designed chiefly for the performance of operas.
1S.ATMautomatic teller machineAn unattended electronic machine in a public place, connected to a data system and related equipment and activated by a bank customer to obtain cash withdrawals and other banking services.
1S.ARCHVarchivea place or institution where documents are preserved
1S.ARCHarcha natural or man-made structure in the form of an arch
1S.TMPLtemple(s)an edifice dedicated to religious worship
1S.AQCaquaculture facilityfacility or area for the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants, especially fish, shellfish, and seaweed, in natural or controlled marine or freshwater environments; underwater agriculture
1S.AMTHamphitheateran oval or circular structure with rising tiers of seats about a stage or open space
1S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
52.685 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
6.541T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
1.785T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
877T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
691T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
369T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
128T.SHORshorea narrow zone bordering a waterbody which covers and uncovers at high and low water, respectively
117T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
115T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
50T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
29T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
21T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
7T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
5T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
3T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
3T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
3T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
3T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
2T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
2T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
2T.PKSpeakspointed elevations atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic features
2T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
1T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
1T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
1T.SDLsaddlea broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains
1T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
1T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
1T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
1T.GAPgapa low place in a ridge, not used for transportation
10.762 Total for T
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
41V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
24V.VINvineyarda planting of grapevines
18V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
4V.VINSvineyardsplantings of grapevines
1V.MDWmeadowa small, poorly drained area dominated by grassy vegetation
88 Total for V

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